The Spanish painter, graphic artist, sculptor and ceramist Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893 and died in Palma de Mallorca in 1983. The artist is one of the outstanding representatives of Classical Modernism and can be considered one of the most influential and popular artists of the 20th century.
His talent for drawing was already evident in his early years, which he initially trained until 1910 through art lessons at the art academy "La Llotja" in Barcelona, where Pablo Picasso's father José Ruiz Picasso was a teacher and Picasso himself also took lessons. After further years of study in his hometown at a private art school and a free drawing academy, Miró went on his first trip in 1919. He settled in Paris and met Pablo Picasso in his studio.
Miró's early works show particular influence from the avant-garde art movements of Cubism and Fauvism. It was not until the 1920s that Miró turned in his own way to Surrealism, which increasingly led him away from representationalism. In 1924 Miró joined the bustling group of Surrealists around André Breton, to which Max Ernst also belonged. Even though he felt connected to the Surrealists in terms of representation, Miró remained an outsider in this group of artists and literary figures.
From 1930 Miró had found his own style: Strong colors combined with simplified forms are characteristic of it. He became a poet of abstract-surrealist painting with a reduced vocabulary of forms. In his imaginative and creative use of color and form, Miró is unsurpassed in both painting and graphic art in 20th century modern art.
Miró participated in the most important international exhibitions of Surrealism in London and Paris in the 1930s and was honored with a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1941. In 1968 Joan Miró created two large ceramic murals for the UNESCO building in Paris.
His oeuvre is very extensive and, in addition to a large number of oil paintings, sculptures, ceramics, collages and drawings, includes graphic works, including lithographs and etchings in small editions. Miró's work stands out for its pictorial inventions that gather symbols, shapes, hieroglyphics and colors into a world full of magic.
In 1956 Miró moved to a residence built according to his ideas, with a studio and sculpture workshop. There, years after his death in 1992, the Miró Museum was opened to the public, which is visited by hundreds of thousands of people every year.